Meta commissioned Business for Social Responsibility (BSR) to independently assess our plans to expand end-to-end encryption by default to Messenger and Instagram DMs.

The assessment found that expanding end-to-end encryption enables the realization of a diverse range of human rights and recommended a range of integrity and safety measures to address unintended adverse human rights. 

The report includes 45 recommendations. Our response details our commitment to implement 34 of the recommendations, partly implementing 4, assessing the feasibility of 6 and taking no further action on one.

 

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In 2019, Meta commissioned Business for Social Responsibility (BSR) to conduct an independent human rights review to inform the development of governance and operational structures for the Oversight Board.

BSR’s review of this novel remedy mechanism focused on identifying salient human rights impacts and made 34 recommendations to both Meta and the Board across 7 areas: harms and impacts, vulnerable groups, remedy, decision-making, informed consent, safety and integrity, and transparency. This review substantially informed our approach to enshrining human rights principles in the Oversight Board Charter and Bylaws.

A follow-up review and gap analysis by BSR, commissioned by the Oversight Board itself a year later, found that 17 of the original recommendations are benefiting from good progress, 9 are benefiting from partial progress, 5 are not yet determined, and 3 are not yet addressed.

Read the original human rights review.

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In 2020, Meta commissioned Article One Advisors to conduct an independent HRIA on the role of our services in the Philippines, informed by qualitative and statistically significant quantitative research.

Meta has committed to implement 24 recommendations, partly implement 7, and assess the feasibility of another 9.

Article One’s HRIA found that Meta’s products play an important role in enabling freedom of expression and association, especially for human rights defenders, journalists, government critics and marginalized communities, and in providing access to economic opportunities. The HRIA also identified a number of salient human rights risks, including online harassment, spread of misinformation and incitement of violence.

The HRIA made 40 recommendations, covering mis/disinformation, online harassment, incitement to violence, online sexual exploitation, trafficking, extremist activity and corporate accountability. Meta has committed to implement 24 recommendations, partly implement 7, and assess the feasibility of another 9.

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In 2018, Meta commissioned Article One Advisors to conduct an independent HRIA on the role of our services in Sri Lanka.

Meta took steps to address challenges to platform-level grievance mechanisms, conduct ongoing due diligence, increase transparency and use leverage to address root cause challenges.

The HRIA identified a range of positive impacts, including the role of the platform in allowing human rights defenders, journalists and disadvantaged groups to exercise their freedom of expression, association and political participation rights; contributions to economic and cultural rights; and role in improving emergency response. Article One also identified a number of salient risks and adverse impacts, including those associated with hate speech and rumors targeting religious minorities; bullying and harassment of human rights defenders and LGBTQ+ individuals; gender-based attacks; and child sexual exploitation.

In response to the HRIA’s 28 recommendations, Meta took steps to improve corporate-level accountability, evolve our Community Standards, invest in changes to platform architecture, address challenges to platform-level grievance mechanisms, conduct ongoing due diligence, increase transparency and use leverage to address root cause challenges.

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In 2018, Meta commissioned Article One Advisors to conduct an independent HRIA on the role of our services in Indonesia.

Meta took steps to improve corporate-level accountability, evolve our Community Standards and invest in changes to platform architecture.

The HRIA identified a range of positive impacts related to freedom of expression, association and opinion; economic and cultural rights; political participation; and support for vulnerable communities. Article One also identified a number of salient risks and adverse impacts, including those associated with mis/disinformation, government restrictions to freedom of expression, bullying and harassment, privacy, child sexual exploitation and gender-based attacks.

In response to the HRIA’s 37 recommendations, Meta took steps to improve corporate-level accountability, evolve our Community Standards, invest in changes to platform architecture, address challenges to platform-level grievance mechanisms, conduct ongoing due diligence, increase transparency and use leverage to address root cause challenges.

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